The UK 1881 Census
Home Introduction Census CDs Census Online Case Study 1881 News Free Search Links

Introduction to the 1881 Census

Details the census can provide

Census Enumerators' Books

1881 Census PageFull name, exact age, relationship to head of household, sex, occupation, parish and county of birth, medical disabilities and employment status.

Each householder was required to complete a census schedule giving the address of the household, the names, ages, sex, occupations and places of birth of each individual residing in his or her accommodation. In 1851, householders were asked to give more precise details of the places of birth of each resident, to state their relationship to him or her, marital status and the nature of any disabilities from which they may have suffered. In 1891, householders were asked how many rooms (if less then five) their family occupied and additional occupational data was collected.

The enumerator then collected the census schedules and these were copied into census enumerators' books. The way these are grouped may mean that a road is split over several folios with other streets in between. In this case the street indexes should list a series of folio references.

Although the original census schedules were destroyed many years ago, the books were kept and eventually moved to the PRO archive. The books were then filmed in 1970 to prevent the increasing usage from destroying these fragile records. You may find the odd torn or mutilated page but in general the records have survived in remarkable condition considering the heavy usage they have had.

The Census is arranged by Registration District and Sub-Districts with Street Indexes for areas of high population.

Click on the thumbnail to view a larger picture.

Definitions

Piece number (Normally contains between 100-400 pages).

A PRO reference number referring to a number of Enumeration Districts represented by a file R12-XXXX; e.g. RG12/0100 would be in a file R12-0100.

Enumeration District (Contains about 50 pages). This refers to a group of streets and has a special sheet listing which streets are in the following pages.

Folio (Reference to two pages). The original book pages were stamped with a folio number on every other page in the top right-hand corner.

Census News & Information

Possible Pitfalls in Using the Census
Many people don't realise that the census page images we see are actually transcripts of the household census forms, the details were copied into the books by the enumerators.

 

London Ancestors
As anyone with ancestors in the London area knows, research there can be a nightmare. There are different records offices for the City of London, Westminster, and Greater London. So what's the best way to do your research?

 

Daniel Albone in the 1861 Census
Daniel Albone is famous for inventing the Ivel tractor, and is said to have changed the world of agriculture. He can be found in the 1861 census at the age of only six months.

 

The Difference between a Name Index and a Transcript
Ever wondered what the difference between a name index and a transcript was?

 

 

The UK 1881 Census